Andaman Wood Pigeon – State Bird
Andaman Wood Pigeon is an endemic bird, which is found only in Andaman and
Nicobar group of islands. This bird is of the size of a domestic pigeon with
longer tail. This bird has whitish head with checkerboard pattern on neck. The
upper parts are dark slate grey in colour and underparts are pale blue grey
Metallic green sheen on upper side and reddish bill with yellowish tip and
purplish red orbital skin are identification characters. The bird lives in dense
broadleaved evergreen forest.
Pairs or small parties wander from island to island in search of fruiting figs
and other trees in dense broadleaved evergreen forest
Dugong – State Animal
Dugong, an endangered marine mammal, also known as Sea Cow, is only strictly marine mammal, which is herbivorous. It mainly feeds on sea-grass and other
aquatic vegetation. Dugong is distributed in shallow tropical waters in Indo-Pacific Region. The animal is about three-metre length and weighs about 400
kg. They are known to have a life span of 70 years. In India Dugong is reported from Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Bay and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Within Andaman and Nicobar Islands Dugong has been reported from Ritchie's Archipelago, North Reef, Little Andaman and parts of Nicobars.
Dugong : Model
Dugongs are semi-nomadic, often travelling long distances in search of food, but staying within a certain range their entire life. Large numbers often move
together from one area to another. It is thought that these movements are caused by changes in seagrass availability. Their memory allows them to return to
specific points after long travels. Dugong movements mostly occur within a localised area of seagrass beds, and animals in the same region show
individualistic patterns of movement. Daily movement is affected by the tides.In areas where there is a large tidal range, dugongs travel with the tide in
order to access shallower feeding areas.
Andaman Padauk –State Tree
Andaman Padauk is a tall deciduous tree found only in Andaman. It grows upto
height of 120 feet. The timber is highly prized for making furniture. Burr and
Buttress formation add charm to the tree and used in making unique furniture
Andaman Pyinma – State Flower
Lagerstroemia hypoleuca Kurz (Lythraceae)
Pyinma flower was declared State flower in September 2014. Pyinma (Lagerstroemia hypoleuca) is a very common tree found in the Andaman group of Islands. They are known as Pema tree among the locals of these Islands. The typical lilac coloured flowers are honoured as state flower of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.