There are many misconceptions about the type of Human race (s) residing in this Islands. Thanks to the private TV Channels on the air who repeatedly broadcast nice documentaries on the Aboriginal tribes of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, which have collectively contributed to the confusion among fellow human beings residing elsewhere in the world.
Who live here in this Island and why ?:
History : Most of the Convicts / freedom fighters who were sent to these Islands during the British era never returned back to their home. Probably because no home actually was left for them back in the Indian mainland. They decided to stay here in Andamans as the Govt. provided land to such families. A sizable population of Govt. servants & small traders arrived to the Islands to support the life at Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Government job is still much coveted and there are ~ 35,000 of them in the Islands. Later after 1960 AD refugees living at various refugee camps in West Bengal, TamilNadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh were encouraged to come to these Islands, where the Indian Government readily provided free of cost land for dwelling and farming. the settlement costed the GOI (Govt. of India) around INR 2000 for each family those days. | More about settlers |
The tribal population was living elsewhere in the Islands away from the normal dwellings ever since British occupied Andaman Islands (they are rather pushed to segregation). The Indian government recognizing this place as a strategic defence position kept strengthening the Military, Navy, Air force and Coast Guard establishments.
There are not much avenues to spend money for the localities - the habit of eating out and partying
is still not common, There is hardly any night life in Andamans [No pubs, No discos :-)] and after
9.30 pm the streets are deserted. Family gatherings and picnics are high on weekend agenda.
Overall these practices have helped the community to come closer.
Unlike the cities elsewhere, people in Andaman and Nicobar tend to know almost everybody they come
across in everyday life. The people do not visit Mainland India usually unless they are compelled to do so - very few actually
visit for sightseeing tours! The visit to Mainland India for the localities is limited
either to their native states (if they still have relatives there) or for treatment in
speciality hospitals in Chennai.
The language for communication among the masses is Hindi. Other languages / mother tongues are confined to the homes and community gathering. Major Languages spoken are Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam, Nicobari and English. There is only 1 Lok Sabha (MP) Seat for the whole Andaman & Nicobar Islands | More about politics scenario |.
The extent of industrialization is evidenced from the fact that this islands only have 5 Large/Medium Scale Industry !.
The number of fair price shops in the Island is 460 (all govt., Co-operative and private sectors).
Municipal Council 1, Municipal Ward 18 and 67 Panchayats